Tibet Religion


When we talk about the Tibet culture, we have to talk about Tibet religion. The religions in Tibet are mainly composed of Tibetan Buddhism, Bonism, and Folk Religion. In addition, there are also Islam and Catholicism. At present, the Tibet Autonomous Region has more than 1,700 Tibetan Buddhist temples, 46,000 monks living in the temple; Refer to Bonism, there are 88 temples, more than 3,000 monks, 93 living Buddhas, more than 130,000 religious believers;And 4 mosques, Islamic believers are than 3,000 people; one Catholic church, believers are more than 700 people. If you want to travel to Tibet, knowing some information about Tibet Religion will help you better integrated into the local environment.
From the perspective of geographical distribution, those religions have different degrees of social influence in different parts of Tibet. The existence of folk religion is even ignored by many people. From the perspective of religious taxonomy, Tibetan Buddhism, Bonism, and Islam and Catholicism are theological religions, while folk religions are lack of systematic theory, no special activity venues, and professional religious groups. From the relationship between the two, Tibetan Buddhism and Bonism have long been mutually exclusive and tit-for-tat, and they also have influenced each other and infiltrated each other. This has led to the situation that there are "Bonism in Buddhism" and "Buddhism in Bonism ". Although Islam and Catholicism in Tibet are relatively small in size, their influence is limited to local areas, but in general, they are in harmony with Tibetan Buddhism and Bonism. In the siege of various theological religions, folk religions still have a certain influence in Tibetan folks, especially in remote areas.
Tibetan Buddhism
Buddhism was introduced to Tibet from the Central Plains of China, India, and Nepal in the 7th century. For the survival and development of itself, after Buddhism was introduced into Tibet, it absorbed a large amount of content and forms of Tibetan religions, such as Bon and folk religions, and was influenced by various cultural components in the surrounding areas. It gradually became a local characteristic and national characteristics. It has formed a vast number of Tibetan Classics, a wealth of doctrines, a complete temple organizational structure, a strict system of studying and studying sutras, and a unique reincarnation system of living Buddhas, so it is called Tibetan Buddhism, commonly known as Lamaism.
Bonism
An ancient religion in Tibet. It was founded in the 5th century BC by the ancient elephant prince Xin Rao Miwo and based on the original religion of Xiangxiong. Its initial activity center is in the area of Menshi District, Alim County, Tibet. In the early days, it was mainly limited to some original rituals of blessing and disaster relief. Before or after the AD, the Bonism was spread to the Yarlung Zangbo River basin and gradually became a dominant religious force in the Tibetan Plateau.
Islam
Islam has a history of more than 1,100 years in Tibet. There are more than 2,000 Hui people in Lhasa, most of whom believe in Islam. In addition, there are a small number of other ethnic or foreign Muslims, whether they are living or settled in Lhasa, can live a normal religious life in accordance with their own beliefs.
Nowadays, Muslims has integrated into Tibetan society, but they maintain their religious beliefs and customs, and they are also friendly and harmonious with the local Tibetan customs. The daily communicative language is mostly Tibetan or Chinese. When doing prayer, believers first chant in Arabic and then chant in Tibetan.
Catholic

The only Catholic church in Tibet is located in Shangyanjing Village, Mangkang County, at the junction with Sichuan and Yunnan. In 1865, the Catholic Church first introduced to the Shangyanjing Village, and 17 people took the position of gods or missionaries of the Yanjing Catholic Church. There are mainly Tibetans, and there are also a small number of Naxi people. 80% of them believe in Catholicism.

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